SALEM — The Oregon Legislature sprinted to finish its work Sunday, passing bills that require cleaner diesel engines in the Portland area, allow illegal immigrants to get driver's licenses and require cage-free environments for laying hens.
Following are some of the bills that are headed to Gov. Kate Brown for her signature:
DIESEL PHASE-OUT: #TimberUnity protesters who thronged the Capitol on Thursday called for the Legislature to reject the cap-and-trade bill and another piece of legislation truckers oppose: House Bill 2007, which sets an expensive new emissions standard for diesel trucks based in Multnomah, Washington and Clackamas counties.
Trucks and other equipment with older diesel engines instead of newer models won’t be able to get a title in those three counties after 2024.
DRIVER'S LICENSES: House Bill 2015 will allow Oregonians who can’t prove legal residence in the U.S. to get driver's licenses, nearly five years after Oregonians rejected a similar law. Advocates argued that the bill could make the state’s roads safer. Licensed drivers are required to get insurance. At least one state with a similar law — Connecticut — has seen dips in the number of hit-and-run crashes since implementation.
The bill applies to anyone who does not have vital records proving their legal residence.
CAGE-FREE EGGS: Oregon has already created some rules and a schedule by which hens are supposed to have extra room to lay eggs. Senate Bill 1019 takes that a step farther by requiring the state’s Agriculture Department to make rules to require that hens be “cage free” by 2024. The bill exempts from state inspection operations with fewer than 3,000 egg-laying hens.
The day was not without drama as concerns over Sen. Brian Boquist, R-Dallas, persisted. Boquist more than a week ago made statements alluding to violence against police, and an outside investigator hired by the Legislature found his presence in the workplace could be seen as threatening.
Sen. Sara Gelser, D-Corvallis, on Sunday said she wouldn’t be on the floor with Boquist, who refused to leave. Gelser was absent for some key votes, but in the end the bills were brought back.
Throughout the morning, several senators and staff of Senate President Peter Courtney, D-Salem, talked behind closed doors about disciplining. In the end, it was determined the Senate Special Committee on Conduct would hold a hearing July 8 to review reports of safety concerns regarding Boquist.
The turmoil capped the final two weeks of the legislative session, which included a nine-day walkout in which Senate Republicans left the state.
Here are some other bills headed to Brown for her signature:
FAMILY LEAVE: Workers will lose a fraction of their paychecks under House Bill 2005. But in exchange, they’ll have access to one of the Western Hemisphere’s most robust paid leave programs. A worker could take as much as 12 weeks off per year — plus two more for a pregnancy, childbirth or medical conditions — with up to full pay.
It’s not an unrestricted benefit. Workers will have to apply for leave and demonstrate they are taking time off work to deal with a family medical emergency, a health issue, the birth or adoption of a child, or abuse or harassment.
Employers have to chip in as well, but at a lower rate than employees. Combined, they will pay up to 1% of wages into a state-run insurance program modeled off workers’ compensation. Business lobbies and labor unions supported HB 2005, which was developed through a bipartisan process led by House Majority Leader Jennifer Williamson, D-Portland. It will make Oregon the eighth U.S. state with paid family leave.
CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS: It’ll be up to state voters whether the Oregon Constitution clearly allows limits on campaign contributions. Senate Joint Resolution 18 refers a constitutional amendment to the ballot that would allow the Legislature, local governments and voter initiatives to cap the amount that someone can give to a candidate for office, as well as require political campaigns to disclose their donors.
The voter referral was priority one for campaign finance reform advocates. It had the strong support of the governor, who pledged last year to push for limits in Oregon’s famously lax campaign finance system. The state is one of 11 that doesn’t limit how much an individual can give to a political candidate.
SINGLE-FAMILY ZONING: More than 50 Oregon cities, including virtually the entire Portland area, will no longer be able to limit neighborhoods to single-family homes. House Bill 2001 does away with what some housing advocates call “exclusionary zoning,” requiring cities with a population over 10,000 to allow a duplex wherever they would allow a single-family house. Cities with more than 25,000 residents and suburbs of Portland would also have to allow townhomes, triplexes, quadplexes and cottage clusters.
Highly controversial when it was introduced in January, HB 2001 was amended several times and picked up support from Republicans in the House. It makes Oregon the first state to do away with single-family-exclusive zoning, except in its smallest cities. The bill was a top priority of House Speaker Tina Kotek, D-Portland.
CIGARETTE TAX: Voters will also decide whether Oregon will increase its tax on cigarettes and cigars and expand the tobacco tax to cover vaping products. House Bill 2270 was stuck in neutral for months this spring before a compromise referred the concept to voters next November instead of being put into effect directly by the Legislature.
Public health advocates say more tax money is needed to fund the Oregon Health Plan and raising the tax will deter young people from taking up the nicotine habit, while critics say it’s wringing more money out of poor Oregonians, who make up a disproportionate share of the state’s smokers.
BALLOT POSTAGE: Senate Bill 861, which affects elections starting next year, makes it so ballot return envelopes don’t require a postage stamp. It removes a cost, however small, that election reform advocates say is a barrier to poor and homebound Oregonians voting. SB 861 was a top priority for the late Dennis Richardson, Oregon’s secretary of state.
CELL SERVICE TAX: It’s unusual to see a Republican pushing for a tax increase, but that’s what Rep. Lynn Findley, R-Vale, did this legislative session. The freshman persuaded colleagues to support a 50-cent monthly increase in the emergency communications tax on Oregonians with phone service. Supporters say it’s necessary to upgrade 9-1-1 centers so they can have the capacity needed in an emergency. The increase will be phased in 25 cents at a time in 2020 and 2021.
MOBILE HOMES: Mobile homes comprise nearly one-tenth of all housing units in Oregon. But many of the state’s mobile homes are aging, a number of mobile home parks have closed or are in danger of closing, and many mobile home residents simply don’t have the money to dispose of a home that is breaking down or to buy a new one. That’s where House Bill 2896 comes in.
Mobile home residents will be eligible for grants to get out of an old home and into a new one. Money is also set aside to preserve mobile home parks, including by helping tenants band together to buy them cooperatively.
DEATH PENALTY: Oregon hasn’t executed an inmate since 1997, but the death penalty remains on the books. Senate Bill 1013 splits the two legal classifications of murder in Oregon into three: aggravated murder, first-degree murder and second-degree murder. The death penalty could only be applied someone convicted of aggravated murder, and the burden would be on prosecutors to prove “beyond a reasonable doubt” that death is the appropriate punishment.
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY: House Bill 2209 requires railroads that operate “high-hazard routes,” including any traversed by a unit train with 20 or more tankers of oil, to develop contingency plans in case of a derailment and spill.